Many colleges and universities will use financial aid incentives to enroll students through a process known as tuition discounting; often this will take the form of a scholarship from the institution. Sometimes a student will need to complete a separate application to apply for these institutional scholarships, but very often students will automatically be considered for available need or merit based scholarships. A host of private institutions offer scholarships as well. These typically require some work on the part of the student; an application and often an essay, teacher and or counselor recommendations, etc. There will often be academic or financial guidelines that a student must meet in order to apply. Students can identify private scholarships through a number of sources although some will require nomination from the high school or another educator.